Unidentified pest that's affecting quinoa and chocho. According to INIAP researchers this pests spread the pollens and cause cross pollination between quinoa. This causes issues such as luck of homogeneity of varieties.
As part of Sustainable Seeds Systems Lab, one day before the whole #agroCOUGology group arrive in Ecuador for the Faculty-Led agroecology class, few of us; Kevin, Leonardo and Cedric got the opportunity to visit the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP) - Santa Catalina Station. At INIAP, we were well welcomed and met the Andean Grain breeding program and Cereals breeding program as well. We were given a tour in the quinoa fields guided by Angel Murillo, Laura Vega, and Nelson Mason. We had the opportunity to see the advance lines of quinoa among Pata de Venado (Deer feet) and Tunkahuan variety with some quinoa varieties from Bolivia. Besides, we had the chance to observe the large diversity of quinoa, for instance different grain colors (black, white, brown, and red). Another interesting part of the tour was to find plots of habas bean and andean lupin (chocho) between the quinoa trials as borders in the same field helping in pests and disease control.
Andean Lupin ( chocho ).
Javier Garofalo, the leader of the wheat and barley program, and Charlie Barnes, the rust specialist welcomed us and showed us the different trials in the field. Barley variety trials were grown on approximately around two hectares. Among the varieties of barley grown at INIAP, 30 of them are malting barley lines from Washington State University (WSU) and were provided by Sustainable Seeds Systems Lab (SSSL). All the 30 lines were established with success in Santa Catalina conditions. According to INIAP in their colaboration with Sustainable Seeds Systems Lab, the next step will be to evaluate the yield, the malting quality, and increase seeds to conduct new variety trials in the next season.
Javier explaining us about the barley line in the field.
By Cedric Habiyaremye & Leonardo Hinojosa
About this blog:
2016 is the first year for Kevin Murphy’s Neotropical Agroecology class in Ecuador. Students will spend two weeks in Ecuador meeting with, learning from and working alongside farmers, artisans, naturalists and/or ecologists in two distinct ecosystems. During the first week, we will focus on the agroecology and social ecology of northern Ecuador. This will include visits to Puembo, Cotacachi, Otavalo and Peguche in the Andean highlands, followed by three days in the Intag Cloud Forest region on the western slope of the Andes Mountains. The second week will be spent in Quito area in Ilalo, followed by a journey south to the high altitude areas around Riobamba and Cañar. In Quito, we will visit agrosilvopastoral farming systems, seed sovereignty organizations, local farms, Slow Food Ecuador, among other exciting adventures. In Cañar, we will visit and work with an indigenous Cañari farmer association of seed and grain producers. The trip will end in Cuenca, the third largest city in Ecuador.